Prostate Cancer

May 15, 2018 Source: Internal - Gleb Danylov

The Prostate.

The prostate is a small walnut shaped organ that is located directly below the bladder and surrounding the urethra in males. The prostate produces seminal fluid which helps transport, and protect the semen.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer among Canadian men. Typically one in seven men will be diagnosed with this cancer in their lifetime. Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate start to divide and grow uncontrollably. This often results in the increased production of an antigen made by your prostate called the prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Therefore increased levels of this protein in your blood can indicate that you might have a tumor in your prostate. Furthermore, the doctor can perform a prostate biopsy to examine the tissue surrounding your prostate and check for tumors.

Who is at Risk of Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer posses a risk for all Canadian men, however not all men have the same risk of developing it. Typically men over 50 have an increased risk of contracting pancreatic cancer. Furthermore having a family history of prostate cancer in first-degree relatives (father or brother) increases you risk even more. Additionally, males who are overweight or do not have a healthy diet should have their PSA levels checked around the age of 40.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Early symptoms of prostate cancer are almost impossible to detect in its early stages. It is recommended that men that have a family history with cancer should have their prostate checked when approaching 50 years old. As the disease progresses, it is possible to notice symptoms such as difficulty or pain while urinating, blood in the urine or semen, and other bladder associated issues.

Treatment Options

If you have tested positive for prostate cancer, your doctor can make a personalized treatment plan that is designed specifically for you. There are many treatment options for cancer such as surgery, chemotherapy, or many new emerging treatments. If your doctor has recommended that you have a surgery, part of the prostate and surrounding tissue may be removed. Side effects of surgery usually involve urinary issues and erectile dysfunction. Moreover, chemotherapy can be used to treat advanced prostate cancer where surgery would be too invasive, or the cancer has spread. Luckily if none of these treatments do not work, there are many new experimental treatments that target the prostate cancer cells directly through the use of high-intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU.