May 15, 2018 Source: Internal - Aly Evangelista
Kidney infection is a severe type of UTI that can occur when bacteria travels through the urinary tract and reproduces to infect the kidneys. However, this can also happen if you develop an infection in another part of your body, which can spread into the bloodstream to the kidneys as well.
Kidney infections are taken very seriously in the medical field and require prompt medical attention. Otherwise, it can cause permanent damage and can spread life-threatening bacteria in your bloodstream. So how do you know if you have a kidney infection? Some signs and symptoms include: fever, back/side/groin/abdominal pain, strong urge to urinate, pus/blood in urine, cloudy urine. It is advised that if you are already diagnosed with a UTI that is not improving and are exhibiting any of the symptoms listed above, then you must see your doctor.
While kidney infections are not contagious, there are various factors that can increase your risk of acquiring a kidney infection, a main factor being a female, as the urethra is shorter in women than it is in men therefore, it is easier for bacteria to travel from the external environment into the body. Another factor is having a weak immune system as it lowers your defence against bacteria. Other factors could be: a blockage in the urinary tract (i.e. kidney stone), damage to nerves around the bladder or using a catheter for a long time.
Treating kidney infections can be an easy task if caught early on, as the doctor will only have to prescribe antibiotics. However, if it is caught at a more extreme phase, then the treatment might require for hospitalization. To reduce the risk of acquiring kidney infections, then you must also reduce the risk for developing urinary infections by: drinking a large amount of water daily, urinating as soon as you need to, wiping from front to back, avoiding douches and urinating after intercourse.